The goal for this publication is to shed limelight to this perspective for possible solution to a conflict that has lingered for more than 40 years with genocidal deaths and massive loss of properties. Possible and impossible solutions to ethnic civil wars chaim kaufmann e thnic civil wars are burning in bosnia, croatia, rwanda, burundi, angola, sudan, turkey, azerbai. Inter-ethnic rivalry: the inter-ethnic and religious communal protests have become an ende mic phenomenon in nigeria since independence the k now ri ot was a case in point.  olakunie michael folami, climate change and inter-ethnic conflict between fulani herdsmen and host communities in nigeria, paper presented at the conference on climate change and security, norwegian academy of science and letters, trondiem, norway, 2010.
Ethnic crisis in nigeria in the words of eleazu the people of nigeria are many and varied1 actually, a nation with a population of over 120 million people now and about 391 different ethnic groups2 with divergent socio-political, economic, cultural and religious backgrounds could be termed a nation of many and varied peoples. The classification of african conflicts as mainly inter-ethnic and intra-national seems to have won great acceptance within the conflict resolution community that classification, which appears to stem from western knowledge of and consideration for african societies, may need to be expanded further. Nigeria is africa's most populous country with an estimated population of about 150 million and a land mass of 923,768 square kilometers which is more than twice the size of california in the united states of america (us) 1 it has abundant natural. Religious conflict in nigeria goes as far back as 1953 the igbo massacre of 1966 in the north that followed the counter-coup of the same year had as a dual cause the igbo officers' coup and pre-existing (sectarian) tensions between the igbos and the local muslims.
The acknowledgment by governors of the possibility that their states may atrophy, if no serious intervention beyond periodic bailouts is put in place, must re-ignite the theme of re-federalisation. However, conflict is a part of our human existence it has been known to bring about all manner of outcomes from food shortages to prosperity economic recessions to gender equality civil conflict has been known to leave people with little or no time to practice farming hence causing food shortages. Austerities measures have caused food riots and other forms of instability in a country like nigeria in 1989 shah a (2009) 89 dysfunctional state: political exclusion through single party, state dominated authoritarian rule has been an important cause of africa's deepening crisis.
The causes and solutions to ethnic conflicts scholars of international security have been trying to develop a theoretical approach to explain the causes of ethnic conflict for a long time. Drawing on postcolonial criticism (tyson, 2015) and other relevant social conflict theories from the field of conflict resolution, this paper seeks to analyze, through the medico-diagnostic method of inquiry, the drivers, dynamics and sources of ethno-religious conflict in nigeria. The chart above also shows the deadly relationship between stakeholders in terms of oil production the table shows that the delta state was the most volatile state where oil is produced due to the confrontation between militant groups driven by self-determination driven militant groups and the security forces.
President muhammadu buhari visited jos on tuesday, june 26, to meet with members of the community and attempt to find a solution to end the conflict tensions remain high in plateau state and additional protests are possible in the coming days. You can trace causes of ethnic conflict to amalgamation, religious differences, inequality, lack of transparent governance, long military incursion in government and lack of vision or nigerian dream, to mention but a few. An ethnic conflict is a conflict between two or more contending ethnic groupswhile the source of the conflict may be political, social, economic or religious, the individuals in conflict must expressly fight for their ethnic group's position within society. Nigeria is a country of more than a hundred ethnic groups, all of them carrying peculiarities and unique features, and it is not unusual that some might clash with each other in april alone, over 100 people were brutally killed in the central region by nomadic herders, primarily of northern fulani ethnicity. There is the open violence with an intention to destroy or to expel another ethnic group (eg rwanda, bosnia, sudan etc) possible solutions of ethnic conflicts federalism and power sharing: switzerland , nigeria , lebanon.
Hundreds of ethnic hausa were killed in reprisal attacks in southeastern nigeria in september 2001, over 2,000 were people were killed in inter-religious rioting in jos. Wwwiosrjournalsorg 81 | page ethnicity and identity crisis: challenge to national integration in nigerian national integration and its challenges in nigeria our ethnic conundrum remains a major obstacle to the existence of a nigerian state since the transition from colonial to neo-colonial dependence and till present day branded democracy. This is also the genesis of the subsequent crisis of ethnic nature in nigeria today, nigerians feel insecure in the regions other than their own the sectional feeling further manifests itself clearly in the unhealthy competition in all aspects of the government between the peoples of the north, west and east.
Has this inter-communal violence over resources begun to take on ethnic and/or religious dynamics how is the nigerian government responding to this conflict furthermore, what strategies are effectively addressing the drivers of the conflict and the multiple human rights violations. The ombatse crisis in nigeria: background, recent developments and possible solutions cover page footnote references anton du plessis 2011 exploring the concept of identity in world politics. Search results for 'solution to inter ethnic crisis in nigeria' nuclear power shouldn't be a solution for our energy crisis nuclear power should not be the solution to our energy crisis in voices of chernobyl: survivors' stories, melissa block shares with us what happened in that horrifying.