Essay ii john locke chapter xxvii: identity and diversity 112 chapter xxviii: other relations 122 chapter xxix: clear and obscure, distinct and confused ideas127. John locke of identity and diversity discussion/summary summary of locke's, of identity and diversity in his essay, of identity and diversity, locke aims to define and clarify what identity truly means. The politics of identity and the metaphysics of diversity natalie stoljar - 2000 - the proceedings of the twentieth world congress of philosophy 2000:21-30 locke's doctrine of substantial identity & diversity. Why locke rejects the claim that having the same soul is a necessary condition for personal identity is not as clear this is one of the most significant changes from locke's discussion of personal identity in the first edition passage (ii19-20) to the chapter of identity and diversity added to the second edition.
Consciousness as a psychological criterion for identity locke's theory of personal identity, found in book ii, chapter xxvii (of identity and diversity) was added to the second edition of the essay concerning human understanding, at the urging of william molyneaux, one of locke's trusted interlocutors and correspon- dents. Locke says continuity of memory is a necessary criterion for personal identity, but butler argues personal identity is a necesssary criterion for having continuity of memory you can't speak of memories without presupposing a person with memories, therefore it is circular. Now that i have explained and given an analysis of locke's theory of personal identity, i will now evaluate the validity of locke's theory by proving that his account of personal identity is incorrect. Personal identity, locke returns more specifically to the relation between the identity or diversity of thinking substances and the identity or diversity of the persons in which they think.
John locke, in of identity and diversity, deals with, among other things, the role of the soul in the personal identity of human beings in the briefest terms, the soul, to locke, must be present for the human being to be considered a human being, but it is not the most crucial element of the personal identity of the individual human being. It is locke's third and final category of relational ideas, ideas of identity and diversity, that is of great importance to the history of philosophy this is the topic of chapter xxvii it is in the context of this discussion that locke presents his theory of personal identity, that is, his theory of what makes us the same person over time.
In other words, locke tries to go from consciousness to infer a persistence of identity, which he assigns to the subject but this move from object to subject is an impossible one to prove, hume says. 1 identity, diversity, and kinds in the chapter of the essay on human understanding entitled 'of identity and diversity', locke explains what it is for things of various kinds to be the same thing over time. John locke offered a very rich and influential account of persons and personal identity in of identity and diversity, which is chapter 27 of book 2 of his an essay concerning human understanding he added it to the second edition in 1694 upon the recommendation of his friend william molyneux. This lesson explains john locke's theories on personal identity in doing so, it highlights the prince and pauper argument as well as the day man and night man theory.
Of mr locke's account of our personal identity thomas reid in a long chapter upon identity and diversity, mr locke has made many ingenious and just obser vations, and some which i think cannot be. Identity of modes and relations and of use to the understanding all bodies must be one and the same g concerning their diversity there can be no question: because each perishing the moment it begins can be the same and renders it ridiculous when it can be supposed takes away the distinction of identity and diversity of one and more or.
In his essay of identity and diversity, locke talks about the importance of personal identity the title of his essay gives an idea of his view identity, according to locke, is the memory and self consciousness, and diversity is the faculty to transfer memories across bodies and souls. For, by the same reason that two particles of matter may be in one place, all bodies may be in one place: which, when it can be supposed, takes away the distinction of identity and diversity of one and more, and renders it ridiculous. An essay concerning human understanding is a work by john locke concerning the foundation of human knowledge and understanding it first appeared in 1689 (although dated 1690) with the printed title an essay concerning humane understanding.
Of identity and diversity john locke (chapter xxvii from essay concerning human understanding) secondly, finite spirits having had each its determinate time and place of beginning to exist, the relation to that time and place will always determine to each of them its identity, as long as it exists. 1 wherein identity consists another occasion the mind often takes of comparing, is the very being of things, when, considering anything as existing at any determined time and place, we compare it with itself existing at another time, and thereon form the ideas of identity and diversity. John locke speaks of personal identity and survival of consciousness after death a criterion of personal identity through time is given such a criterion specifies, insofar as that is possible, the necessary and sufficient conditions for the survival of persons.